Located in Central America, Costa Rica is a small country bordering Nicaragua to its north, Panama to its south-east, and both the Caribbean Sea and Pacific Ocean. Known for having the highest quality of life in Central America, it comes as no surprise that Costa Ricans (or Ticos / Ticas) are renowned for their friendly and peaceful nature. Costa Rica’s military was actually abolished back in 1948 after victory in the civil war, which shows exactly how much they have adopted a peaceful attitude to life!

The country boasts a greater biodiversity than the USA and Europe combined. Sprawling with vast natural beauty, from pristine beaches, dense rainforests, breathtaking national parks, over 60 volcanoes, beautiful waterfalls, and exotic and wonderful wildlife of all kinds – it’s good to know that over a third of the country is under some form of environmental protection.


Generally the sun shines all year round here but Costa Rica’s tropical climate mostly sees two main seasons: its dry season (December – April) and its rainy season (May – November). The Central Valley with the country’s capital, San Jose, enjoys some of the best weather the country has to offer with temperatures averaging at 22°C and tempered, cool coastal breezes. In the highlands it’s cooler with an average temperature of 13°C whilst in the lowlands and at sea level you’ll enjoy temperatures of 26°C.


Famous for their “Tico time”, Costa Ricans are known to arrive late to anything except the movies or hospital appointments. Fortunately being late isn’t regarded as rude – otherwise their friendly and peaceful nature wouldn’t be quite as recognised!

The word “ahora” (Spanish for “now”) actually means “later” or “tomorrow” in Costa Rica. So it’s best to clarify exactly what you mean when you arrange to meet someone.

Costa Ricans are generally very courteous and confrontations/ accusations are generally considered impolite. It’s rare for a Costa Rican to get angry in public, even when complaint is warranted.


  • Costa Rica is home to over 130 species of fish, 220 species of reptiles, 1000 species of butterflies (10% of the world’s butterflys are in Costa Rica!), 9000 species of plants, 20,000 species of spiders and 34,000 species of insects!
  • Over 25% of Costa Rican land is protected and dedicated to national parks, reserves and wildlife refuges.
  • The average life expectancy in Costa Rica is 77 years old and is one of the highest in the world.
  • Costa Rica boasts more than 121 volcanic formations of which 7 are active Volcanos. The country has Poas Volcano – the second widest crater in the world (nearly one mile in diameter) and Arenal Volcano – one of the ten most active volcanoes in the world.
  • At 7am every morning every Costa Rican radio station plays the national anthem.