Located in Western South America, bordering Colombia and Ecuador in the north, Brazil and Bolivia in the east, and Chile in the south, Peru is a country bursting with life – quite literally! The third largest country in South America hosts a vast variety of landscapes; from mountains, to beaches, deserts and rainforests. Peru is home to an incredibly dense ecosystem of rare and wonderful plants and animals – more so than most other countries. Whilst its capital, Lima, and its Inca capital, Cusco, are bursting with life for much different reasons.


There are 2 main seasons in Peru – summer/low season from November to March, which is the country’s rainy season, especially in the highlands, and winter/high season from June through to September, its dry season and best time for festivals and highland sports.


Of course, we couldn’t mention Peru without talking about Machu Picchu, one of the seven wonders of the world – and it truly deserves that title. Embedded between the Peruvian Andes and the Amazon Basin, this extraordinary archaeological complex really is a must-see. Probably one of the most important Peruvian cultures was the Inca, living in Peru over 600 years ago and those responsible for building this incredible wonder. If this wasn’t enough reason to visit, try your hand at some hiking, sand-boarding, jungle trekking, mountain climbing, rafting, paragliding, or surfing! – Peru is also one of the best places in the world for surfing, particularly on its north coast.


  • “Peruvian time” – Peruvians and South Americans in general – are customarily half-hour late to most personal appointments.
  • Peruvians tend to have a much smaller personal space than North Americans and Europeans. Standing close to people in conversation,exaggerated gestures and physical contact are all common here.
  • Bringing a small gift to someone’s home when invited round is customary (after arriving fashionable late, that is).
  • Placing your palm up and curling your fingers toward you is considered a romantic inclination, rather than meaning a “come here” gesture.


  • Peru has 3 official languages – Spanish, Quechua, and Aymara.
  • The potato originates from Peru – so you have Peru to thank for all your favourite potato made snacks. Peruvians use the phrase “Soy mas Peruano que la papa” (I am more Peruvian than the potato).
  • It grows over 55 varieties of corn – it all different colours, too (including purple, white and black).
  • Cuy or Guinea Pig is a traditional dish eaten in Peru.
  • The Amazon Rainforest covers two-thirds of Peru.
  • It’s tradition to give friends and family yellow underwear on New Year’s Eve.
  • Home to some of the finest cottons in the world – Pima and Tanguis.
  • It is the 6th largest producer of gold – however, still remains one of the world’s poorest countries.
  • Peru has the second largest amount of Shamans in the world (after India).